On this day in 1884, an outlaw cattleman finally met his match...but it wasn't death by bullet.
Joseph Graves Olney was born in Burleson County in 1849. He married Agnes Jane Arnold in 1870; they eventually had five children.
Olney first became embroiled in a cattle dispute and shot a Llano County man in 1874. The next year he killed a man named Moses Baird and became part of the Central Texas Hill Country's notorious Mason County War. After killing a deputy in a gunfight, Olney fled to New Mexico. He started a ranch there and used the alias of Joe Hill.
He had to flee to Arizona in 1879 to avoid arrest for the shooting of the deputy, as authorities were catching up with him. Then, accused of being involved in cattle rustling and stage robberites in the early 1880s, he put himself on Wyatt Earp's radar, who unsuccessfully tried to pin those crimes on him. There was not enough evidence to indicate Olney was truly guilty.