What happened today in Texas history? October 2 | Arts & Culture
On this day in 1835, the Texas Revolution began at Gonzales. The fight, the first battle in the Texas Revolution, was between Mexican soldiers and Texas militiamen...over a cannon.
The "Come and Take It" cannon was used by colonists in Texas as a defense against the Indians. It was a small Spanish-made cannon of six-pound caliber that had been given to them in 1831 by a Spanish political chief with the condition that it would be returned. However, in 1835, Col. Domingo de Ugartechea sent a company to retrieve the cannon. The colonists refused to give it back, and took the soldiers prisoner.
The cannon then was hidden (actually buried!) in a peach orchard. Ugartechea sent 100 troops under Lt. Castaneda to make another request for the cannon. On September 29, Captain Robert Coleman arrived at Gonzales with a militia company of 30 mounted Indian fighters. They helped retrieve the cannon and had it mounted on a pair of cartwheels. The cannon was then hauled to San Antonio and placed in the Alamo where it was commandeered by the Mexican army upon the recapture of Bexas on March 6, 1836. Read the full story here.
On this day in 1862, a vigilante court opened proceedings in the incident that came to be known at the Great Hanging at Gainesville. At least forty people suspected of conspiring against the confederacy were hanged, though in all likelihood, many were innocent of the abolutionist sentiments for which they were tried, according to the Handbook of Texas.
On this day in 1942, 200 men of the Lost Battallion were shipped to Singapore as prisoners of war of the Japanese. Details on their harrowing ordeal here.
Texas quote of the day: "Texas is neither southern nor western. Texas is Texas"
Senator William Blakley
Texas song of the day: That Girl in Texas - Jon Wolfe
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